The Regions of Apulia and Calabria
most parts of southern Italy, the region had been settled by Achaeans, Cretans, Spartans and occupied by Romans,
by Gothic German tribes, by the Byzantines, Saracens, Normans, Swabians, French, Germans, Spaniards, the Savoia,
Austrians and others.
The artifacts present all over Puglia and Calabria are evidence of the people that
lived in the region. Greek ruins, Roman roads, aqueducts, amphitheaters, the Romanic and Gothic cathedrals, the
Norman Castles, the numerous churches and old and contemporary structures are marks of their passage and
Going back in time, over 500,000 years, the first traces of human presence in the
Italian peninsula are to be found in the regions today called Calabria and Apulia.
The many populations that colonized this territory before the Bronze Age, which ended
in the XII century BC, and in more recent times, referred to this region with different names:
Enotria-land of wine, Opicia- land of the abundance, Ausonia- the land colonized by
Auson, son of Odysseus, Tauronia- land of the cattle.
It was also called Brezia- the land of the Bretti, by the Oscan speaking population
that occupied the central part of Italy.
In the Iron Age, this area was completely dominated by the Osci, who called this
region Italia, a contraction of the Oscan “Vitelieu”, the land of young cattle.
The regions of Apulia, La Puglia, and Calabria are located at the boot of the
Greeks colonized it, made this land their second homeland and called it Magna Grecia meaning “the Great